The delegates, still tired from Friday’s conference and after a failed attempt to take a medimun photo, began debating clauses from the very beginning of Saturday’s conference. The first clause debated was submitted by Saudi Arabia and it suggested that member states would facilitate the integration of climate refugees in their host communities in ways such as ensuring they have legal status by offering them citizenship as well as them having representation by requiring for there to be at least one climate refugee in local government. The delegate of the UK then imposed a point of information, saying he was concerned about the clause since it didn’t take into consideration that all countries in the world have problems of their own and by sending refugees there we are ignoring the problems of those countries. Many delegates, including the delegate of Russia, the delegate of the USA and the delegate of Germany were all worried about this clause and the things it lacks. The delegate of the UK proceeded to speak against the clause saying that the clause requests that member states spend money and time while these countries have problems of their own, using the US as an example saying that it has lost Miami and Florida and therefore it is not efficient to relocate people in countries that already struggle. The delegate of China suggested an amendment of the clause regarding sub-clause ‘h’, saying that the fact that the clause tries to tackle the education system and merge the refugees with locals but this would create problems as there are language barriers and cultural differences which deems it as unrealistic. The amendment passed but the clause ended up not passing.
Later on in the day, havoc was brought to the room when the delegate of Germany declared war and invaded Venezuela. With three countries siding with Germany and two with Venezuela (while the rest remained neutral), Germany’s invasion of Venezuela was deemed as successful and therefore, the delegate of Venezuela could no longer vote while the delegate of Germany was now granted two votes. This was not enough for Germany, as it later on declared war on France, invading successfully and gaining France’s vote too. Immediately after, Venezuela declared war on the UK, very closely winning and gaining the UK’s vote and power, and using it to call a P5 meeting. The topic of the climate refugee crisis was resolved and finished and a new topic of the ice-free state of the Arctic was introduced. Many debates took place and delegates were given time to draft more clauses before the final resolution decision coming up on Sunday.
After the chairs took register, the delegates were allowed time to lobby, trying to influence each other and form allies. The delegates then began drafting their clauses. After the break, the delegates went to the conference’s opening ceremony where they listened to a guest speaker making a speech on climate change focusing on biodivsersity. The delegates were then given time to complete the final merging of their clauses and submit them, a task which created chaos in the room as they were all rushing and stressed.
The overall main topic was the climate refugee crisis. The delegates were handed the clauses and given 1 minute reading time. The first clause, submitted by Russia and supported by Venezuela, China, Saudi Arabia and Nigeria sought to provide protection, not only for refugees but also for internally displaced people, who are still not protected despite being in their own country. The clause suggested that countries producing the most CO2 emissions should be held most responsible for these refugees. The clause also supports that climate refugees should be treated similarly to regular refugees. The UK delegate spoke against the clause, disagreeing with the 3rd sub-clause, claiming it does not take into account the cultural implication when sending refugees to countries. The voting procedure led to the clause not passing.
The second clause, submitted by Venezuela and supported by China, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Nigeria, proposed that due to climate change and global warming the Antarctic has been de-iced and that 14 million km2 of unused land could provide a safe environment for all refugees. The delegate claimed that temperatures are too low for many natural disasters to happen so the refugees will be safe. The delegate of France however said that the clause does not address the problem that many countries have claim over that land. The delegate of the UK asked how the procedure would be conducted logistically and the delegate of Bangladesh also emphasised on the chance of other natural disasters like blizzards common in areas if very low temperatures like Antarctica. The delegate of the USA then also pointed out that there have been in fact territorial claims over Antarctica in the past few years and then the delegate of Russia questioned who would govern such huge land with billions of people. The clause did not pass.
The third clause submitted by China and supported by Russia, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela and Nigeria proposed the creation of a hub in Antarctica for refugees. The USA delegate was not entirely against the clause, but was concerned about the things the clause lacks, such as the fact that only earthquakes are considered amongst the multiple natural disasters. The delegate of Venezuela then opposed that by saying that a hurricane requires temperatures over 26.5 degrees Celsius, something not common in areas like Antarctica. The delegate of China also answered saying how the clause does not dismiss the presence of any other potential environmental disasters, it just gives a solution as to how one of the natural disasters could be dealt with through the building’s architecture. The Bangladesh delegate then recommended an amendment for sub-clause b, to change the term solar energy to renewable energy, so wind energy and other types can be involved too. The amendment passed. Further, the delegate of Russia suggested another amendment, to change the Belt and Road Initiative to All member states that are willing to assist. The amendment passed leading to the entire clause to pass, by almost unanimous voting.